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Bleeding Gums

Bleeding gums are a common symptom of gum disease, which is an inflammation of the gums that can lead to tooth loss. Gum disease is caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. When plaque is not removed regularly, it can harden into tartar, which irritates the gums and causes them to bleed.

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Other causes of bleeding gums include:

  • Brushing your teeth too hard
  • Using a toothbrush with hard bristles
  • Flossing too hard
  • Wearing dentures that don’t fit properly
  • Dry mouth
  • Vitamin C deficiency
  • Pregnancy
  • Certain medications, such as blood thinners and chemotherapy drugs

If you have bleeding gums, it is important to see a dentist or periodontist (gum specialist) to determine the underlying cause and get the appropriate treatment.

Treatment for bleeding gums

The treatment for bleeding gums depends on the underlying cause. If your bleeding gums are caused by gum disease, your dentist or periodontist will recommend a treatment plan based on the severity of your condition. Common gum disease treatments include:

  • Improved oral hygiene at home: This includes brushing your teeth twice a day for two minutes each time, flossing once a day, and using an antibacterial mouthwash.
  • Professional dental cleaning: This involves having your teeth cleaned by a dentist or hygienist to remove plaque and tartar.
  • Scaling and root planing: This is a deeper cleaning procedure that removes plaque and tartar from below the gum line.
  • Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat gum disease.

If your bleeding gums are caused by another condition, such as dry mouth or a vitamin C deficiency, your dentist or doctor will recommend the appropriate treatment for that condition.

Tips for preventing bleeding gums

Here are some tips for preventing bleeding gums:

  • Brush your teeth twice a day for two minutes each time.
  • Floss once a day.
  • Use a soft-bristled toothbrush.
  • Avoid brushing your teeth too hard.
  • See your dentist for regular checkups and cleanings.

If you have any questions or concerns about bleeding gums, please talk to your dentist or doctor.

Gingival Bleeding Causes – Bleeding Gums

There are many causes of gingival bleeding. Some of the most common causes include:

  • Poor oral hygiene: Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth. If plaque is not removed regularly, it can harden into tartar, which can irritate gums and cause them to bleed.
  • Gingivitis: Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease. It causes gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily.
  • Periodontitis: Periodontitis is a more severe form of gum disease. It can cause gums to pull away from teeth, forming pockets that can fill with bacteria and pus. Over time, periodontitis can damage the bones and ligaments that support teeth, leading to tooth loss.
  • Brushing too hard: Brushing your teeth too hard can irritate your gums and cause them to bleed.
  • Using a toothbrush with hard bristles: A toothbrush with hard bristles can also irritate your gums and cause them to bleed.
  • Flossing too hard: Flossing too hard can also irritate your gums and cause them to bleed.
  • Wearing dentures that don’t fit properly: Dentures that don’t fit properly can rub against your gums and cause them to bleed.
  • Dry mouth: Dry mouth can cause gums to become dry and irritated, which can lead to bleeding.
  • Vitamin C deficiency: A deficiency in vitamin C can cause gums to become weak and bleed easily.
  • Pregnancy: Pregnancy can cause gums to become more sensitive and prone to bleeding.
  • Certain medications: Certain medications, such as blood thinners and chemotherapy drugs, can increase the risk of bleeding gums.

If you have bleeding gums, it is important to see a dentist or periodontist (gum specialist) to determine the underlying cause and get the appropriate treatment.

Gingivitis Treatment

Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease. It causes gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. Gingivitis is caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth. If plaque is not removed regularly, it can harden into tartar, which irritates the gums and causes them to bleed.

The best way to treat gingivitis is to improve your oral hygiene habits at home. This includes:

  • Brushing your teeth twice a day for two minutes each time with a soft-bristled toothbrush.
  • Flossing once a day to remove plaque and food particles from between your teeth.
  • Using an antibacterial mouthwash.

If your gingivitis does not improve with good oral hygiene at home, your dentist or periodontist may recommend additional treatments, such as:

  • Professional dental cleaning: This involves having your teeth cleaned by a dentist or hygienist to remove plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line.
  • Scaling and root planing: This is a deeper cleaning procedure that removes plaque and tartar from below the gum line and smooths out the roots of your teeth.
  • Medication: In some cases, your dentist or periodontist may prescribe medication to help control gum inflammation and infection.

If you have gingivitis, it is important to see your dentist for regular checkups and cleanings. This will help to prevent your gingivitis from progressing to periodontitis, a more serious form of gum disease that can lead to tooth loss.

Tips for preventing gingivitis

Here are some tips for preventing gingivitis:

  • Brush your teeth twice a day for two minutes each time.
  • Floss once a day.
  • Use a soft-bristled toothbrush.
  • Avoid brushing your teeth too hard.
  • See your dentist for regular checkups and cleanings.
  • Eat a healthy diet and avoid sugary foods and drinks.
  • Don’t smoke.
  • Manage any underlying medical conditions, such as diabetes.

Periodontitis Treatment

Periodontitis is a more serious form of gum disease than gingivitis. It can cause gums to pull away from teeth, forming pockets that can fill with bacteria and pus. Over time, periodontitis can damage the bones and ligaments that support teeth, leading to tooth loss.

The goal of periodontitis treatment is to stop the progression of the disease and prevent further tooth loss. Treatment may involve one or more of the following procedures:

  • Professional dental cleaning: This involves having your teeth cleaned by a dentist or hygienist to remove plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line.
  • Scaling and root planing: This is a deeper cleaning procedure that removes plaque and tartar from below the gum line and smooths out the roots of your teeth.
  • Antibiotics: Antibiotics may be prescribed to help control gum infection.
  • Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat periodontitis. Surgery can help to reduce the depth of periodontal pockets and improve the overall health of the gums.

The type of treatment that is recommended for you will depend on the severity of your periodontitis and your overall health.

Here are some additional tips for preventing periodontitis:

  • Brush your teeth twice a day for two minutes each time.
  • Floss once a day.
  • Use a soft-bristled toothbrush.
  • Avoid brushing your teeth too hard.
  • See your dentist for regular checkups and cleanings.
  • Eat a healthy diet and avoid sugary foods and drinks.
  • Don’t smoke.
  • Manage any underlying medical conditions, such as diabetes.

If you have periodontitis, it is important to see your dentist for regular checkups and cleanings. This will help to prevent the disease from progressing and help you to keep your teeth for a lifetime.